The adversary simulation activity allowed the security team to demonstrate a complete compromise path while not using any usual, “exploitable” vulnerabilities.
Adversary simulation (“Red Teaming”) assessments are scenario-based penetration tests, that focus more on achieving specific goals in the infrastructure as opposed to discovering all potential vulnerabilities.
During the test, a complete path is developed either from the outside networks or from initial employee-level access with no prior knowledge of the infrastructure to the internal protected segments and hosts of the network. The goal of the assessment may vary from compromising target hosts and services to sensitive data exfiltration.
Red Teaming in action
After gaining initial access by exploiting external services, applications, or by using social engineering attacks, internal services, applications, servers, and personal machines are tested for any vulnerabilities that may allow lateral movement to other hosts and segments in the network.
Segmentation flaws are also taken into account at this stage, as they may allow the attacker to gain access to restricted regions of the infrastructure.
The penetration tester may also exploit vulnerabilities in the employee-owned machines, install keyloggers and screen grabbers, use saved passwords of the machine’s users to gain authentication credentials to internal services and applications.
Goals and Objectives
- Test threat response, detection, and investigation processes
- Test social engineering training processes and prevention capabilities
- Test internal monitoring and detection capabilities
- Discovering potential compromise paths
- Test endpoint protection systems, policies, and configurations
- Test wireless configurations and employee training on dealing with wireless attacks
With valid developer credentials for the infrastructure, we obtain access to existing CI/CD, logging, monitoring, and remote access solutions to build a complete threat model, find access control misconfigurations, and help companies ensure no single person can cause a compromise.
Infrastructure penetration testing focuses on the security of both the application environment and the supporting infrastructure, including third-party services and applications. The testing is performed with a combination of manual and automated techniques, tailored for the specific environment.